The goal of applying NDT concept is to promote motor learning for efficient motor control in various environments, thereby improving participation and function. Intervention involves direct handling including facilitation & inhibition to optimize function. The application of NDT Physiotherapy contributes to the individual’s increased independence and an enhancement of quality of life.
It addresses the problems that occur as a result of impairment of the developing central nervous system that affect the individual’s sensory, motor, cognitive, perceptual, social and emotional development. It recognizes that all patients with neurodisability have potential for enhanced function. It addresses the changing needs of the child with cerebral palsy as the lesion has occurred in an immature and still developing central nervous system.
It helps with the following impairments associated with the CNS lesion:
- Abnormal muscle tone
- Muscle weakness
- Loss of selective movements
- Abnormal co-contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles
- Problems of postural control
- Musculoskeletal problems
- Additional sensory, perceptual, visual or hearing impairments, learning difficulties etc
The overall goal of Neurodevelopmental treatment and management is to enhance the individual’s capacity of function, minimize impairments and prevent disabilities.
Sensory Processing is influenced by interaction with the environment. In sensory integration physiotherapy, Children are internally driven to seek sensory experiences that contribute to the development of their nervous system. The contributions of the various systems are as follows:
- Tactile System
- Vestibular System
- Proprioceptive System
- Visual System
- Auditory System
- Olfactory System
- Oromotor System
Sensory Integration physiotherapy is based on the idea that some kids experience “sensory overload” and are oversensitive to certain types of stimulation. When children have sensory overload, their brains have trouble processing or filtering many sensations at once. Meanwhile, other kids are under sensitive to some kinds of stimulation. Kids who are under sensitive don’t process sensory messages quickly or efficiently. These children may seem disconnected from their environment. In either case, kids with sensory integration disorder struggle to organize, understand and respond to the information they take in from their surroundings.
It exposes children to sensory stimulation in a structured, repetitive manner. The theory behind this SI treatment approach is that, over time, the brain will adapt and allow them to process and react to sensations more efficiently. Supporters of this therapy say it can help kids learn and pay attention more efficiently too.
SI therapy can be fun for kids because it resembles playtime. It usually takes place in a specially designed setting where kids are encouraged to play with balls of different sizes, textures and weights. Therapy sessions often involve playing with clay and other materials. Children may also be asked to bounce, swing or spin on special equipment.
The Sensory Integration Therapist gradually makes these activities more challenging and complex. The idea is that through repetition, a child’s nervous system will respond in a more “organized” way to sensations and movements. Sometimes sensory integration therapy is paired with balance treatments or movement therapy. This type of therapy may involve going through an obstacle course, throwing a ball and standing on a balance board.
Taping physiotherapy (also known as Kinesiology taping or kinesio taping) includes a thin, stretchy, elastic cotton strip with an acrylic adhesive that helps in a wide variety of musculoskeletal & sports injuries, plus inflammatory conditions. Kinesiology tape is like skin on skin in both thickness & elasticity, which allows it to be worn without binding, constricting or restriction of movement. It is used in athletic injuries treatment & a variety of physical disorders. It enables athletes to return to sport faster, improve their performance & prevent further injury. Kinesiology Taping was initially introduced in Japan. For the first 10 years of its inception, only the practitioners were the main users but by 1988 it had been adopted by the Japanese Olympic Committee for the professional athletes after which it spread across to the world.
Along with the ailments in adults, Matrix Rhythm Therapy gives effective results in paediatric cases like Torticollis, Scoliosis, Erb's palsy, foot drop, Cerebral Palsy physiotherapy Treatment, CTEV etc. Matrix Physiotherapy Treatment helps in improving the flexibility and stretch ability in case of pes equinus, scar tissue, adhesions, contracture & postural dysfunctions. Matrix Physiotherapy Treatment helps in regulating the muscle tone in neurological conditions, thereby bringing it to normal, may it be spastic or flaccid.
If you find your child has any or many of the symptoms below, no need to panic. WE ARE HERE TO MAKE YOUR CHILD NEAR TO FUNCTIONAL IN ALL HIS/HER ACTIVITIES. But for that we need your help, patience & persistence.